The following PMP® exam sample question is taken from the Free PMP Exam Simulator:
You have just been assigned as the project manager for a new construction project. The Project Charter has been handed over to you by your sponsor authorizing you as the project manager. You have performed the Stakeholder Analysis process and documented the information in the Stakeholder Register. Which of the following processes should be performed next?
A.) Plan Communications
B.) Define Activities
C.) Determine Budget
D.) Create WBS
Hint: Follow the PMBOK Guide recommended sequence.
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Students often confuse validated and accepted deliverables, so if you’re struggling here, you’re not alone. At first glance, they do seem to be rather the same, but once you get the idea, you’ll never confuse them again. The most important thing you need to understand is in which process from the PMBOK® Guide these deliverables are created as outputs. The PMBOK® Guide defines each as follows:
** Validated Deliverables: Validated deliverables have been completed and checked for correctness by the Perform Quality Control process.
** Accepted Deliverables: Accepted Deliverables have been accepted through the Verify Scope process.
So, validated deliverables are an input to the Verify Scope process, while accepted deliverables, where formal sign-off is obtained, are the key output of the Verify Scope process.
Let’s walk through it: First, you create a deliverable. The deliverable then goes through the perform Quality Control process where it is checked for correctness. In essence, you’re making sure that the deliverable meets the quality criteria that were defined during the project set up. You answer the question: Did we build it the way we said that we should.
Once the deliverable passes the Quality Control inspection, it is considered validated. Essentially, Quality Control has given you the nod to take the deliverable to the customer or stakeholder for approval, or acceptance. The customer or stakeholder then reviews the deliverable. Only when the customer or stakeholder gives the deliverable a “thumbs up” does the deliverable become accepted.
Joe is running a public transportation system project. He believes there are numerous scenarios that could affect his project's schedule. Some of the scenarios include delays in a major component delivery or a strike by local workers. He wants to see how these scenarios will impact the project schedule. What is the best technique to use in this scenario?
A.) Resource Leveling
B.) Monte Carlo Analysis
C.) Run Charts
D.) Tornado Diagram
Hint: This technique is also called What-If Scenario Analysis.
The Precedence Diagramming Method (PDM) is a tool for scheduling and sequencing events in a project plan based on their relationships with other events. The model allows you to visually map activities and their dependencies. Within this model there are four types of dependencies or logical relationships that are possible: finish-to-start (FS), finish-to-finish (FF), start-to-start (SS), and start-to-finish (SF). The start-to-finish relationship seems to be the model that causes the most confusion for students of the PMP exam, perhaps because there are not many good examples of this relationship. Start-to-finish occurs when “the completion of the successor activity depends on the initiation of the predecessor activity,” or, said so that normal folks can process it: Activity A must start before Activity B can finish.
Think about how you would implement a new system and turn an old system off. You can complete (i.e., turn off) the old system as soon as the new system has started in production—but not before then. Let’s try an example or two and see if it clicks:
Say you’re building a new gas pipeline. You would first finish construction and implementation of the new pipeline before you would begin shutting down and breaking down the old pipeline. Similarly, implementation of a new accounting system has to be completed before you can begin turning off the old system. Make sense?
Don’t spend too much time sweating over this particular model, however. Even though it’s not a difficult concept, the start-to-finish relationship is rarely used.
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Which of the following relates to a quality excellence award and also to a quality improvement model?
A.) Philip Crosby
B.) Joseph Juran
C.) Malcolm Baldridge
D.) Edwards Deming
Hint: This is the only formal recognition of the quality performance excellence of U.S. organizations given by the President of the United States.
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In the project management world, dependencies determine the order in which various activities should be completed. These dependencies usually documented as an activity attribute and help in sequencing the activities on the project schedule network diagram. As you prepare for your PMP exam, it is important to know the difference between discretionary dependencies and mandatory dependencies.
A mandatory dependency is one that “must be” carried out at a particular time. It is usually requirement of some kind based on contracts, laws, company procedures, physical limitations, etc. When the sequence of events is developed for various aspects of the process, mandatory dependencies are placed where they must happen.
A discretionary dependency is one that isn't based on a "have to", but on a "should". These decisions are usually based upon best practices, business knowledge, etc. They are placed on the project diagram where the team members would like them to occur.
Since discretionary dependencies are more arbitrary, they should be fully documented so the reasons for their placement can be maintained and available during future revisions. As a project progresses and adjustments are needed, discretionary dependencies are often reviewed for possible alterations.
The PMP exam is a computer based exam with 200 multiple choice questions. This means that each question has exactly one correct answer. The exam will give you exactly four hours to answer these questions. If you prepared well, this should be a breeze. Most find four hours to be more than sufficient for the exam. (It took me 3 hours and 58 minutes because I wasn't feeling well on that day.) Out of these 200 questions, 25 questions are pretest questions. These are randomly places through out the exam and are used for research purposes. These questions will not count towards your final score. But even though you will only be evaluated on the basis of 175 questions you still must answer all 200 because you won't know which are the 25 pretest questions.
PMI does not release the actual score that is required for you to pass the exam. All they tell us is that "The passing score for all PMI credential examinations is determined by sound psychometric analysis." So nobody but PMI knows how many questions you have to answer correctly in order to pass.
This is important: Remember that there is no negative marking on the exam. This means that you are not penalized for questions that you answered incorrectly. There is just "correct" or "wrong" for the scoring. This means that if you leave a question unanswered your answer is "wrong". So remember not to leave any question unanswered. You need to answer them all.
After you click on finish and submit the exam, you will see on-screen whether you passed or failed. This takes about 10 seconds but feels like an eternity. You will also receive a printed examination report that tells you how you did in the various process groups.
To feel confident that you can do it, you must have undergone enough preparations and must have taken practice exams several times based on the lessons learned from the study materials of your choice.
Maintaining a realistic project schedule is very important for the successful execution of a project. When you develop a schedule, which of the following items from the Project Scope Statement will impact the schedule?
A.) Work Packages
B.) Activity List
C.) Assumptions and Constraints
D.) Activity Attributes
Hint: Think about different parts of the Project Scope Statement.
After several intense and hard weeks of study and preparations, you are now ready to take on the PMP Exam. And the mental preparation in the last 24 hours before you actually take it are just as important as the weeks of study before. You want to be well prepared, both physically and mentally, to tackle the questions and pass the exam.
And so, going into the eve of the exam, it is important that you can feel relaxed and do not worry. This will help you prepare mentally for the challenges of the next day. One of the most important techniques here is to take one, possibly even two days off from work. This way, you can focus only on your exam and not worry about any work related deadlines as well. Keep your focus!
And obviously, you also want to make sure that you get a good night's sleep. Go to bed early and avoiding things that could give you stress. Wake up early in the morning, do some light exercise just to get you warmed up and ensure that you get a good breakfast. Let my own experience be a lesson for you: avoid any food that's unfamiliar or exotic for you. You don't want to get an upset stomach during the exam like I had.
Remember, a positive attitude will help carry the day for you and help you achieve your goal of passing your PMP exam.
Joe is working as a project manager in a highway construction project. He wants to use a fixed price contract instead of cost-plus contract. The risk response strategy he is using in this case is an example of?
A) Risk Avoidance
B) Risk Transference
C) Risk Mitigation
D) Risk Acceptance
Hint: The project manager in this example is currently performing the Conduct Procurements process but the answer is in the Plan Risk Responses process.
ANSWER AND EXPLANATION:
The correct answer is B
Explanation: Risk Transference requires shifting some or all of the negative impact of a threat, along with the ownership of the response. A fixed price contract may transfer risk to the seller, whereas a cost-plus contract may transfer cost risk to the buyer.
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 304
In this free episode we give you an overview of the Project Integration Management Knowledge Area. We review what the knowledge area contains, what the general concepts of its processes are, we discuss project interactions, the charter, the PM Plan, historical files and many other concepts: http://bit.ly/LzVqBN